Did You Know That Some Surgeons Use Three-Dimensional Printing of Bones For Accurate Correction of Shoulder and Elbow Deformities?

Each human bone has such unique shape, perfectly designed by nature for its function. Alteration of normal bone shapes can lead to unpleasant deformities, loss of function and pain. Most commonly, abnormally shaped bones are the consequence of fractures or problems during development. When bones are fractured and displaced, they may heal or unite with … More Did You Know That Some Surgeons Use Three-Dimensional Printing of Bones For Accurate Correction of Shoulder and Elbow Deformities?

I Need A Two-Stage Shoulder Reimplantation: What Am I Getting Into?

Shoulder replacement is a very successful procedure that provides pain relief and improved function to millions of people around the globe. However, like any surgery, complications occasionally occur, and infection is one possible complication after shoulder replacement. Since joint replacement involves implantation of prostheses, infection complicating replacement is called Periprosthetic (peri=around, prosthetic=implant) Joint Infection, or … More I Need A Two-Stage Shoulder Reimplantation: What Am I Getting Into?

Tears of the Subscapularis: Hidden and Forgotten, No More!

Tears of the rotator cuff are a very common reason for shoulder pain, weakness and poor motion. The rotator cuff is a group of deep muscles all around the shoulder joint. They provide stability and power to the joint, and unfortunately, they are prone to both injuries and wear with overuse and aging. Some of … More Tears of the Subscapularis: Hidden and Forgotten, No More!

What if My Shoulder Dislocates to the Back? Some Treatment Options for Posterior Shoulder Instability…

The shoulder joint is particularly at risk for dislocation. Chances are you know someone in your family, or your group of friends, who has suffered a dislocation of the shoulder. This is partly due to the difference in size between the larger humeral head (ball) and the smaller glenoid (socket), as discussed in our previous … More What if My Shoulder Dislocates to the Back? Some Treatment Options for Posterior Shoulder Instability…

Sternoclavicular Joint Injuries: When to Consider Surgery, And How Is It Done Safely

The collarbone (clavicle) helps connect the upper limb to the trunk. The inner end of the clavicle, close to the center of the chest, rests on the sternum through the sternoclavicular (SC) joint. What an interesting joint! It needs to have stout, strong ligaments to serve as a stable connection between the limb and the … More Sternoclavicular Joint Injuries: When to Consider Surgery, And How Is It Done Safely

When Painful Snapping Around the Shoulder Blade Becomes Debilitating…: The Snapping Scapula Syndrome

The shoulder blade area and surrounding muscles may become irritated and painful for multiple reasons. Some of the most frustrated patients I have seen in my practice complain of years and years of painful snapping around the upper shoulder blade region. Oftentimes, these individuals have been told that physical therapy exercises are all they need … More When Painful Snapping Around the Shoulder Blade Becomes Debilitating…: The Snapping Scapula Syndrome

Serratus Anterior Weakness: One of Many Reasons for Shoulder Blade Winging

We are all familiar with the shape of our shoulder blade. It lies flat on our chest, and moves along with the arm as we position our hand in space. But in some shoulder conditions, the shoulder blade does not lie flat on the chest any more; it protrudes like the wing of a bird. … More Serratus Anterior Weakness: One of Many Reasons for Shoulder Blade Winging

Why Is It That Surgeons Call Certain Elbow Injuries “Terrible Triad”?

We all understand the meaning of the word “Terrible”. The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines terrible as (1) extremely bad and (2) difficult. It further expands the meaning to “exciting extreme alarm or intense fear”. Truly a perfect word to characterize a potentially devastating –and, by the way, quite common– elbow injury! If I sustained a terrible … More Why Is It That Surgeons Call Certain Elbow Injuries “Terrible Triad”?

Fusing Together the Bones at the Shoulder Joint: A Reasonable Alternative for Selective Desperate Situations

The whole purpose of joints is to provide motion between segments of the skeleton. Why would we ever consider surgically eliminating motion at the shoulder joint? At first, it sounds a little crazy, doesn’t it? But believe it or not, in certain desperate situations, shoulder fusion is a very good alternative… What do we mean … More Fusing Together the Bones at the Shoulder Joint: A Reasonable Alternative for Selective Desperate Situations

When Bone Grows Beyond the Elbow Skeleton: Heterotopic Ossification, Why Does it Matter and How to Deal with It

Did you know that bone can form outside of the boundaries of the skeleton? I am not talking about malignancies or cancer, but about masses of bone that appear in the soft-tissues surrounding the bones, and oftentimes end up blocking motion. In Medicine, the words “Heterotopic” and “Ectopic” basically mean “not in the right place”. … More When Bone Grows Beyond the Elbow Skeleton: Heterotopic Ossification, Why Does it Matter and How to Deal with It